The Center for Advanced Orthopaedics

Trigger Finger

What is Trigger Finger?

Trigger finger is a painful condition that causes finger stiffness, popping or clicking when you move your finger, tenderness or pain in the affected knuckle, catching or locking in a bent position.  It is caused by narrowing of the sheath that surrounds the tendon in the affected finger.  Trigger finger is caused by repetitive motions or forceful range of motion in the fingers.  This can be diagnosed by an examination by a physician. Trigger finger is common among individuals who repetitively grip objects. Gripping is performed by your flexor muscles, which means your extensor muscles may be weak causing a muscle imbalance.

Trigger fingers can be treated conservatively such as cortisone injections, rest, splinting, or massage. Cortisone injections can be tried twice before surgical intervention would be considered. In severe cases or if the cortisone injection did not work, surgical intervention could be recommended.  The surgical intervention would consist of a Trigger finger release. The average recovery is 2-4 weeks from a trigger finger release.

It is possible that recommendation to a hand therapist would help with your healing process after surgery. Keeping the connective tissue as flexible as possible is important in the treatment of trigger finger and strengthening the muscles in the finger.  If therapy is indicated, a program would be set up for your healing process.